Ben Bella, Ahmed

(1916– )
   Ben Bella was the first president of Algeria in 1963 and founder member of the Algerian National Liberation Front (Front de Libération Nationale—FLN). Born in Marnia, the son of a peasant, he was conscripted to the French army in 1937 and fought in the French army in World War II. He became involved in the struggle for Algerian independence shortly after the war, helping to found the FLN in 1952. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1956, and released in 1962 after France agreed to Algerian independence. He became independent Algeria’s first prime minister in 1962 before being elected president in 1963. He was overthrown in 1965 by a former ally, Houari Boumedienne, and placed under house arrest until 1980. After a period abroad he returned to Algeria in September 1990 to become the leader of the Movement for Democracy in Algeria (MDA), and he presented himself as the bearer of the original revolutionary spirit of Algeria.
   The FLN, particularly in the ideology put forward by another key figure, Frantz Fanon, incorporated Marxist-inspired doctrines. Ben Bella as president pushed through socialist-style measures such as expropriating the majority of foreign-owned land and encouraging widespread social and economic reforms especially in the areas of land and education. He did not, though, ally Algeria to the Soviet Union and his one-party authoritarian rule became increasingly autocratic. A significant figure in 20th-century politics, Ben Bella was more marginal within the Marxist tradition.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ben Bella,Ahmed — Ben Bel·la (bĕn bĕlʹə), Ahmed. Born 1919. Algerian revolutionary leader. Active in the Algerian nationalist movement after World War II, he became independent Algeria s first prime minister (1962) and its first elected president (1963) but was… …   Universalium

  • Ben Bella, Ahmed — born Dec. 25, 1918?, Maghnia, Alg. First elected president of Algeria. After a French education, he entered the French army and was decorated during World War II (1939–45). After the war he took up arms to fight French rule. In 1954 he helped… …   Universalium

  • Ben Bella, Ahmed — (1916 )    Algerian political figure    Born in Marnia, Algeria, Ahmed Ben Bella was a former officer in the French army who became one of the leaders of the Algerian uprising against French rule. He was interned in France from 1956 to 1962.… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Ben Bella, Ahmed — (n. ¿25 dic. 1918?, Maghnia, Argelia). Primer presidente elegido de Argelia. Después de recibir una educación francesa, ingresó al ejército francés, y fue condecorado durante la segunda guerra mundial (1939–45). Luego de ese conflicto, tomó las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ahmed Ben Bella — Ben Bella (rechts) nach seiner Festnahme durch die französische Armee Ahmed Ben Bella (* 25. Dezember 1918[1] in Maghnia; arabisch ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ben Bella — Ahmed Ben Bella Ahmed Ben Bella Algérien Président de la République Algérienne Mandat 15 septembre 1963 – 19 juin 1965 Précédé par Ferhat Abbas Suivi par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BEN BELLA (A.) — BEN BELLA AHMED (1916 ) Brillant sous officier pendant la campagne d’Italie au sein des Forces françaises libres en 1945, Ahmed Ben Bella est, un an plus tard, élu conseiller municipal de Marnia (Oranie) sur une liste du parti nationaliste (P.P.A …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ben Bella — (Ahmed) (Ahmad bin Balla) (né en 1916) homme politique algérien. L un des chefs de la révolution algérienne, il fut emprisonné en France de 1956 à 1962. Libéré, il s opposa à Ben Khedda (sept. 1962) et devint président du Conseil puis président… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ahmed Ben Bella — For the publishers in Dallas in Texas, see BenBella Books. Mohamed Ahmed Ben Bella 1st President of Algeria under the independence of this country In office September 15, 1963 – 19 June 1965 Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • Ahmed Ben Bella — en 1964. Ahmed Ben Bella (Maghniyah, Orán, Argelia, 25 de diciembre de 1916) es un político argelino. Fue el primer presidente de la República Argelina Democrática y Popular tras su independencia en 1962. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.